Glossary

Salaam

Refer ‘Assallam alaikum’. A Muslim salutation meaning ‘peace be upon you’, is usually accompanied with of a deep bow with the right palm on the forehead.

Origin:

Arabic

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Samanera

Young boy practising to be a Buddhist monk

Origin:

Sinhalese

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Sambol or sambal

Is a spicy condiment used in south Asia made with chilli peppers and other ingredients such as coconut.

Origin:

Sinhalese, Malay

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Sangha

Sangha is a word in Pāli and Sanskrit meaning ‘association’, ‘assembly’, ‘company’ or ‘community’ and most commonly refers in Buddhism to the monastic community of ordained Buddhist monks or nuns. This community is traditionally referred to as the bhikkhu-sangha or bhikkhuni-sangha. Within this community those who have attained a higher level of realisation are referred to as the ariya-sangha or ‘noble Sangha’.

Origin:

Pāli, Sanskrit

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Sanskrit

Sanskrit is a historical Indo-Aryan language and a member of the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages. Sanskrit was not thought of as a specific language, but rather as a particularly refined or perfected manner of speaking. In ancient India, knowledge of Sanskrit was a marker of social class and educational attainment and the language was taught mainly to members of the higher castes. Sanskrit is widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the forms of hymns and mantras. It is listed today as one of the 22 languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand.

Origin:

Vedic Sanskrit

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Sari or saree

Is a strip of unstitched cloth, worn by women, ranging from four to nine yards in length that is draped over the body in various styles which is native to the Indian subcontinent.

Origin:

Hindi, Sanskrit, English

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Sarong

Is a large tube or length of fabric which is wrapped around the waist and worn by men and women in south Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Horn of Africa and on many Pacific islands.

Origin:

Malay, English

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Shalom

Greetings

Origin:

Hebrew

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Shalwar or salwar

A loose pyjama-like trouser traditionally worn by men and women in south Asia and Afghanistan. The kameez is a loose shirt or tunic worn with the garment.

Origin:

Punjabi

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Shokran

Thank you

Origin:

Arabic

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Sinhalese

An Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.

Origin:

English

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SLI

The Sri Lanka Light Infantry is the oldest regiment in the Sri Lankan army. Its origins go back to the formation of the Ceylon Light Infantry Volunteer Force formed in April 1881.

Origin:

English

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Souk

Open-air marketplace or commercial quarter in an Arab or Berber city

Origin:

Arabic

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Sri Maha Bodhi

Also known as the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, is a Sacred Fig tree in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is said to be the southern branch from the historical Bodhi tree Sri Maha Bodhi at Bodh Gaya in India under which Lord Buddha attained Enlightenment.

Origin:

English, Sinhala: ජය ශ්‍රි මහා බොධිය

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Stupa

Also known as a dagoba, literally means heap. It’s a mound-like or semi-hemispherical structure containing Buddhist relics, typically the ashes of Buddhist monks and is used by Buddhists as a place of meditation

Origin:

Sinhalese, Sanskrit

By |September 3rd, 2013||Comments Off