Glossary

Dagoba

Also known as a Stupa, is a mound-like structure containing Buddhist relics – typically the ashes of deceased. It is used by Buddhists as a place of meditation

Origin:

Sinhalese

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Demalichcha

Yellow-billed warbler (bird)

Origin:

Sinhalese

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Dhal or Dahl

Preparation of lentils typically eaten with rice and roti. Also spelled Dal or Daal.

Origin:

English, Tamil

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Dharma or Dhamma

In Hinduism, dharma signifies behaviors that are considered to be in accord with the natural order. In Buddhism dharma means ‘cosmic law and order, but is also applied to the teachings of the Buddha. In the modern Indo-Aryan languages, the word dharma often is used to just mean ‘religion’.

Origin:

Pali, Sanskit

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Dhoti

Traditional mens’ garment wrapped around the waist and legs and knotted at the waist

Origin:

Tamil

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Dishdasha

A loose ankle-length garment worn by men. Usually with long sleeves similar to a robe. Also known as a thawb

Origin:

Arabic

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Druze

A monotheistic community which emerged during the 11th century from the Ismailism school of Shia Islam. They are found primarily in Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan.

Origin:

Arabic

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Duruthu

Duruthu poya is on the full moon day in the lunar month of Duruthu (in January). Duruthu marks the first visit of Lord Buddha to Sri Lanka in the first year of His Supreme Enlightenment.

There are twelve or thirteen poya days per year. Their names correspond to the Buddhist lunar months of the same name. They are VesākPosonEsalaNikiniBinaraVapIllUnduvapDuruthuNavamMedin and Bak.

If a month has two full moon days, the name of the second one is preceded by Adhi (meaning extra in Sinhala) as in Adhi Duruthu poya, etc.

Origin:

Pali, Sanskrit, Sinhalese

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