Glossary

Aayu-bowan

‘May You Live Long’ is the customary greeting of the Sri Lankans that denotes welcome, goodbye, respect, devotion or loyalty to suit the occasion. The palms of the two hands are held close together against the chest and the head bowed.

Origin:

Sinhalese

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Abaya

A robe-like dress worn by women

Origin:

Arabic

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Abhayagiri Vihara

Abhayagiri Vihāra was a major monastery site of Theravada Buddhism that was situated in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is one of the most extensive ruins in the world and one of the most sacred Buddhist pilgrimage cities in the nation. One of the focal points of the complex is an ancient stupa, the Abhayagiri Dagaba.

Origin:

Pali

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Abou Ammar

PLO chairman Yasser Arafat. Palestinian leaders in the Fatah faction used real or fictional kunyas as noms de guerre or nicknames

Origin:

Arabic

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Adhan

Call to prayer by the muezzin in the mosque five times a day.

Origin:

Arabic

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Al Hamdulillah

Praise to Allah

Origin:

Arabic

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Allahu Akbar

The Takbir (Allah is greater) has traditionally been used by Muslims as a battle cry

Origin:

Arabic

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Aluth Avurudu

Sinhalese New Year or Aluth Avurudu is the traditional New Year of the Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka. It is a major anniversary celebrated by most Sri Lankans.  For farming communities, the traditional new year festival is a festival of harvest as well.

Origin:

Sinhalese

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Amma

Mother

Origin:

Sinhalese, Tamil

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Ammamma

Maternal grandmother

Origin:

Tamil

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Ammappa

Maternal grandfather

Origin:

Tamil

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Anna

Elder brother

Origin:

Tamil

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Appa

Father

Origin:

Tamil

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Appamma

Paternal grandmother

Origin:

Tamil

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Appappa

Paternal grandfather

Origin:

Tamil

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