Sanskrit is a historical Indo-Aryan language and a member of the Indo-Iranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages. Sanskrit was not thought of as a specific language, but rather as a particularly refined or perfected manner of speaking. In ancient India, knowledge of Sanskrit was a marker of social class and educational attainment and the language was taught mainly to members of the higher castes. Sanskrit is widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the forms of hymns and mantras. It is listed today as one of the 22 languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand.


Vedic Sanskrit